steps in writing a news story coursework
Communications between Honiara and other areas have been disrupted by the cyclone. The emergency services are still awaiting news from outlying districts but believe that Honiara has been the worst affected. Why? Read on for a wealth of tips on writing a news report, as well as a few helpful examples. Police say that of the six people who died, three men drowned when their car was blown off the road into a river, and two women and a man were killed by flying debris. By 10 a.m., winds in the capital, Honiara, were blowing at more than 140 kilometres per hour. What? In a news story, the first paragraph gives readers a full sense of what is to come. Remember the inverted pyramid. This is the information you have already been given: At 2 a.m. yesterday morning, meteorologists at the Nadi Weather Centre detected a cyclone developing rapidly near Nauru and moving quickly south-west across the Pacific towards the Solomon Islands. They radioed ships in the area and broadcast warnings to Solomon Islanders over the radio. They plotted it travelling south-west across the Pacific towards the Solomon Islands. By 10 a.m., winds in the capital, Honiara, were blowing at more than 140 kilometres per hour.
List all your facts.2. For example, a newspaper report should certainly include the names and other details of the dead and injured people, if those details are available. One reason for this is that newspaper readers can jump over details which they do not want, and carry on reading at a later part of the story. This will demonstrate both of the other approaches. As with writing the intro, if you follow a step-by-step approach to the rest of the story you will make your task simpler and easier.
These are the seven key points from which we selected our intro: Remember that we decided that (e) and (d) were the most newsworthy key points because they best filled the four criteria for news: Remember too that we decided to use key point (e) in preference to (g) because they were about the same fact but (e) was shorter for our intro. More than 20 homes destroyed and other buildings sustained considerable structural damage. Now let us tell our readers or listeners more about the homeless: More than 20 homes were destroyed and a number of other buildings were badly damaged.
Clearly the deaths need explaining if possible, as does the damage to people's homes. We could tell it chronologically - that means in the time order in which the events happened. There are no details yet of damage outside Honiara, and it may be difficult to get that information if telephone lines are down and roads flooded. The easiest way of doing that is to provide a kind of summary to the first segment of our story with the paragraph: The emergency services are still awaiting news from outlying districts but believe that Honiara has been the worst hit. As in the intro, you must avoid overloading any sentence in your story with unnecessary words - remember the canoe. A story written as an inverted pyramid can be cut from the bottom up to fit limited space or time. When? Nadi meteorologists warn Solomon Islands government of approach of Cyclone Victor. The phrase "burying the lead" (or "lede") refers to delaying or withholding the most vital information. This is, however, very complicated and may confuse your reader or listener. Simple steps in writing the news story. As with writing the intro, if you follow a step-by-step approach to the rest of the story you will make your task simpler and easier. Determine the news value.
It should become natural for you to take the readers and listeners by the hand and lead them through the story so that they absorb easily the information you have gathered. They warned all shipping in the area of the cyclone's approach. With a thorough understanding of the story, its content and its implications, and with the appropriate intro composed, the remainder of the story should fall into place quite naturally. Let us now return to the Cyclone Victor example, which we used in the Chapter 4. Why did it take the Nadi Weather Centre an hour to alert the Solomon Islands government?
We also changed the phrase "sustained considerable structural damage" to "were badly damaged".
When? In particular, we shall want the names of the six people who have been killed to publish in a newspaper report; but not in a broadcast report. Two hours later the centre of Cyclone Victor passed over Honiara before tracking into the Coral Sea, where it blew itself out. Identify a news incident or situation. Two hours later the centre of Cyclone Victor passed over Honiara before tracking into the Coral Sea, where it blew itself out.
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